Marianne Philips

Marianne Philips (1886–1951) was born into a prosperous Jewish middle-class family, which later fell into poverty. After the death of her parents, she had to care for her family at age fourteen. She got a good job in a diamond shop and joined the Social-Democratic Workers’ Party, where she became an outspoken activist for the working class. In 1919, she became one of the first female council members in the Netherlands.


After the birth of her eldest daughter, she spent six months in a psychiatric hospital and was advised by her psychiatrist to start writing. She published a total of six novels, several novellas and a translation of Aldous Huxley’s Eyeless in Gaza.

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