Carl Friedman (b. 1952) worked as a newspaper journalist. She made her debut in 1991 with the novella Tralievader (Nightfather), which was hailed as a small masterpiece by readers and critics in the Netherlands, Germany and the United States. Next came the novel Twee koffers vol (Two Bagfuls, 1993, published in English as The Shovel and the Loom) which enjoyed equal success. The book was made into a film entitled Left Luggage (1998). In 1996 Friedman published De grauwe minnaar (The Grey Lover), a collection of three short stories.