Aletta Jacobs (1854–1929) was born in Sappemeer in Groningen in 1854, the eighth of eleven children. Her mother was a housewife and her father a doctor. In 1878 she graduated as a medical doctor from the University of Amsterdam, after which she set up her own GP practice. She married Carel Victor Gerritsen in 1884 and gave birth to a son in 1893 who died the same day. Other published works include The Woman: Her Body and Internal Organs (1899), three epistolary collections and the Dutch translation of Women and Economics by Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1900).