Arjen Mulder (b. 1955), biologist and essayist, is the author of three essay collections: Living Systems (2002), The Woman for Whom Cesare Pavese Committed Suicide (2005), and the widely praised What is Life (2014). Mulder’s works are multi-disciplinary and unconventional, containing insights from biology, media theory, anthropology and literature. In 2016 he published The Success Shunner about Swiss thinker Adrien Turel. He lives in Amsterdam and teaches media theory and social semiotics in Rotterdam and Ghent.