Dola de Jong
Dola de Jong was born in the Netherlands in 1911 but fled the country in 1940 and ended up in the United States. She was a novelist and a writer of children’s books, short stories and columns. Her literary debut Dans om het hart (Dance for the Heart, 1939) drew on her early career as a dancer. In 1945, The Field is the World was published in New York to widespread acclaim and was edited by Maxwell Perkins, who had worked with F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway. Two years later, the novel was published in Dutch as En de akker is de wereld and was awarded the City of Amsterdam’s Literature Prize. Her novel De thuiswacht (The Tree and the Vine), a wartime story of the love between two women, was published in the Netherlands in 1954. She won the Edgar Allan Poe Award in the US for her English-language mystery novel The Whirligig of Time (1964), which she translated into Dutch as De draaitol van de tijd (1965). Dola de Jong read Dutch literature for New York publishers and her recommendations led to the US publication of Anne Frank, Hugo Claus, Jan Cremer, Jef Geeraerts and Jan Wolkers among others. She died in California in 2003.